The Hartz reforms and the German labor force

The passage of the Hartz reforms, the most aggressive post-war labor reform in the country, began in 2003 and the final stage was instituted by 2005. Since 2005, having peaked at 11.3%, the German unemployment rate has been in a continuous decline in each subsequent year – to 7.5% in 2008 and ultimately to 5.5% in 2012. The Hartz reforms coinciding with the turnaround in the labor markets has always been of particular interest to researchers and policy analysts.


Author(s) M. Ehrich, A. Munasib, D. Roy
Language English
Year of publication Feb, 2018
Journal European Journal of Political Economy
Volume 2018
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